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Why India is still a developing country and what is stopping it from being a developed country? This particular question strikes me every time when I read something about India’s education system. I see India’s education system as a stumbling block towards its objectives of achieving inclusive growth. Let me inform you about certain startling facts. India is going to experience a paradox of nearly 90 million people joining the workforce but most of them will lack require skills and the mindset for productive employment according to a report in a leading newspaper. India has about 550 million people under the age of 25 years out of which only 11% are enrolled in tertiary institutions compared to the world average of 23% (as per the report)
I wouldn’t be laying too much emphasis on the drawbacks of India’s public education system because it has been an issue well debated in recent time and the main flaws have already been pointed out before. I will be focusing on how the education system’s failure is leading to another social issue of income inequality and hence, suggest certain policies to improve India’s education system and reduce inequality.
The critical aspect of Indian public education system is its low quality. The actual quantity of schooling that children experience and the quality of teaching they receive are extremely insufficient in government schools. A common feature in all government schools is the poor quality of education along with weak infrastructure and insufficient attention.
What the government is not realizing right now is that education which is a source of capital is creating wide income inequalities. It will be surprising to see how income inequalities are created within the same group of educated people.So if the government does not improve education system particularly in rural areas the rich will become richer and the poor will get poorer.
Hence, it is necessary for the government to correct the drawbacks in India’s education system which will also be a step towards reducing income inequality.
Certain policy measures need to be taken by the government. The basic thrust of government education spending today must surely be to ensure that all children have access to government schools and to raise the quality of education in those schools.
Another reason for poor quality of education is the poor quality of teachers in government schools .Government schools are unable to attract good quality teachers due to inadequate teaching facilities and low salaries. To improve the quality of education, the government needs to spend more money on education.
Lets hope government takes certain appropriate policy measures to improve the education system otherwise inequalities are going to be widespread and India’s basic capabilities will remain astonish.